I have a very good friend in Canada (Manitoba I think), who just messaged me tonight about her son, 5 1/5 years old. For the last few weeks he's been drinking a ton, going to the bathroom a lot, started peeing the bed again (seriously, if that were going to be an issue I would have expected it to come up when she was going through the hell of chemo and radiation treatments, not when life's been back to normal for a good year.) She has ketostix from a kidney infection he had in early June, and tested his pee b/c this is happening so much this week - positive for both ketones and protein. So, she took him in and the only thing they told her was to limit his fluid intake because his urine, in addition to ketones , was very dilute. She's asking me what else I would suggest. As far as a parent watching a child with concern over bladder / kidney infection, and / or signs of T1D, I had some thoughts to share. However, I don't know the health system in Canada well enough to know what to suggest as a next step with the pedi. It does sound like he's been losing weight, she didn't say anything about appetite, but he also has pain in his stomach and when he pees. More than anything, this family needs professional support in addressing things quickly and accurately. When she was certain she felt a lump, they brushed her off for over a year. When they finally caught her breast cancer, it was stage IV of the most aggressive kind. I can't believe they were told to withhold fluids from a 5 year old!! Especially in light of the + ketones. Any ideas from Canadians familiar with the system that I can forward to her? I've given her a list of things to watch for, questions to ask, but she needs to work with a doc on this... TIA!