I have a 30 yr. old son who has had Type 1 since he was 12 yrs. He lives in a city a few hours away and was recently hospitalized with infections. During his hospitalization I began to realize that he doesn't really seem to have very complete knowledge of diabetes, treatment, complications and so on. M. has had many challenges and losses in his life. In grade school we learned he had learning disabilities, an anxiety disorder, and he had physical health problems. Not too long after he was diagnosed with diabetes, M's brother, my older son, died suddenly. M then developed alcoholism and his adolescence was filled with one serious crisis or stay in intensive care after another. In all of this there didn't seem to be the opportunity for him to become more educated about diabetes. When he was 21 he joined AA and began pulling his life together. Since that time he has remained 100% sober and has made many positive changes in his life. He still has a pretty serious anxiety disorder, although now he is being treated. I am having a difficult time figuring out how to get him more information about diabetes without triggering his anxiety too much. Recently after another loss in his life he began smoking, after stopping two years ago. I do not believe he understands how much more serious this is for a diabetic. While he was in the hospital the nurse commented that the medical staff was surprised that he didn't have kidney damage because his BG is too high. The panic in his face at this comment was dramatic. A further problem is that he has a lot of anxiety about keeping his BG lower. He is working on this. Does anyone have suggestions? Also does anyone have experience with the combination of an anxiety disorder and diabetes.